Внедрение и настройка серверов семейства IBM eX5


Новый потрясающий Redbok посвящённый High-End системам IBM System x. В этом Redbook вы сможете найти не просто техническое (и кстати очень подробное) описание таких серверов как IBM System x x3850X5, x3950X5, x3690X5, HX5, но и весьма полезные советы по настройке этих серверов.  Рассматривается создание многоузлвых конфигураций, настройка производительности, мониторинг и управление. Конечно же, авторы не обошли вниманием такие технологии как IBM MAX5, FlexNode и пр. Один из самых достойных (и практически направленных) редбуков по IBM Systemx. Рекомендуем к прочтению.

 

IBM eX5 Implementation Guide

High-end workloads drive ever-increasing and ever-changing constraints. In addition to requiring greater memory capacity, these workloads challenge you to do more with less and to find new ways to simplify deployment and ownership. And although higher system availability and comprehensive systems management have always been critical, they have become even more important in recent years.

Difficult challenges, such as these, create new opportunities for innovation. IBM® eX5 portfolio delivers this innovation. This family of high-end computing introduces the fifth generation of IBM X-Architecture® technology. The family includes the IBM System x3850 X5, x3690 X5, and the IBM BladeCenter HX5. These servers are the culmination of more than a decade of x86 innovation and firsts that have changed the expectations of the industry. With this latest generation, eX5 is again leading the way as the shift toward virtualization, platform management, and energy efficiency accelerates.

This book is divided into two parts. In the first part, we provide detailed technical information about the servers in the eX5 portfolio. This information is most useful in designing, configuring or planning to order a server solution. In the second part of the book, we provide detailed configuration and setup information to get your servers operational. We focus particularly on setting up MAX5 configurations of all three eX5 servers as well as two-node configurations of the x3850 X5 and HX5.

This book is aimed at customers, business partners and IBM employees that wish to understand the features and capabilities of the IBM eX5 portfolio of servers and wish to learn how to install and configure the servers for use in production.

TOC

Chapter 1. Introduction
Part 1. Product overview
Chapter 2. IBM eX5 technology
Chapter 3. IBM System x3850 X5 and x3950 X5
Chapter 4. IBM System x3690 X5
Chapter 5. IBM BladeCenter HX5
Part 2. Implementing scalability
Chapter 6. IBM System x3850 X5 and x3950 X5
Chapter 7. IBM System x3690 X5
Chapter 8. IBM BladeCenter HX5
Chapter 9. Management

Detailed TOC

Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1 eX5 systems
1.2 Model summary
1.2.1 IBM System x3850 X5 models
1.2.2 Workload-optimized x3950 X5 models
1.2.3 x3850 X5 models with MAX5
1.2.4 Base x3690 X5 models
1.2.5 Workload-optimized x3690 X5 models
1.2.6 BladeCenter HX5 models
1.3 Positioning
1.3.1 IBM System x3850 X5 and x3950 X5
1.3.2 IBM System x3690 X5
1.3.3 IBM BladeCenter HX5
1.4 Energy efficiency
1.5 Services offerings
1.6 What this book contains
Part 1. Product overview
Chapter 2. IBM eX5 technology
2.1 eX5 chipset
2.2 Intel Xeon 6500 and 7500 family processors
2.2.1 Intel Virtualization Technology
2.2.2 Hyper-Threading Technology
2.2.3 Turbo Boost Technology
2.2.4 QuickPath Interconnect (QPI)
2.2.5 Processor performance in a green world
2.3 Memory
2.3.1 Memory speed
2.3.2 Memory placement
2.3.3 Memory ranking
2.3.4 NUMA
2.3.5 Hemisphere mode
2.3.6 RAS features
2.3.7 I/O hubs
2.4 MAX5
2.5 Scalability
2.6 Partitioning
2.7 UEFI system settings
2.7.1 System power operating modes
2.7.2 System power settings
2.7.3 Performance related individual system settings
2.8 IBM eXFlash
2.8.1 IBM eXFlash price-performance
2.9 Integrated virtualization
2.9.1 VMware ESXi
2.9.2 Red Hat RHEV-H (KVM)
2.9.3 Windows 2008 R2 Hyper-V
2.10 Changes in technology demand changes in implementation
2.10.1 Use of a swap files
2.10.2 SSD drives and battery backup cache on RAID controllers
2.10.3 Increased resources for virtualization
2.10.4 Virtualized Memcached distributed memory caching
Chapter 3. IBM System x3850 X5 and x3950 X5
3.1 Product features
3.1.1 IBM System x3850 X5 product features
3.1.2 IBM System x3950 X5 product features
3.1.3 IBM MAX5 memory expansion unit
3.1.4 Comparing the x3850 X5 to the x3850 M2
3.2 Target workloads
3.3 Models
3.4 System architecture
3.4.1 System board
3.4.2 QPI Wrap Card
3.5 MAX5
3.6 Scalability
3.6.1 Memory scalability with MAX5
3.6.2 Two-node scalability
3.7 Processors options
3.8 Memory
3.8.1 Memory cards and DIMMs
3.8.2 DIMM population sequence
3.8.3 Maximizing memory performance
3.8.4 Memory mirroring
3.8.5 Memory sparing
3.8.6 Performance impact of using mirroring or sparing
3.9 Storage
3.9.1 Internal disks
3.9.2 SAS and SSD 2.5-inch disk support
3.9.3 IBM eXFlash and 1.8-inch SSD support
3.9.4 SAS and SSD controllers
3.9.5 Dedicated controller slot
3.9.6 External storage connectivity
3.10 Optical drives
3.11 PCIe slots
3.12 I/O cards
3.12.1 Standard Emulex 10Gb Ethernet Adapter
3.12.2 Optional adapters
3.13 Standard onboard features
3.13.1 Onboard Ethernet
3.13.2 Environmental data
3.13.3 Integrated Management Module (IMM)
3.13.4 UEFI
3.13.5 Integrated Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
3.13.6 Light path diagnostics
3.14 Power supplies and fans of the x3850 X5 and MAX5
3.14.1 x3850 X5 power supplies and fans
3.14.2 MAX5 power supplies and fans
3.15 Integrated virtualization
3.16 Operating system support
3.17 Rack considerations
Chapter 4. IBM System x3690 X5
4.1 Product features
4.1.1 System components
4.1.2 IBM MAX5 memory expansion unit
4.2 Target workloads
4.3 Models
4.4 System architecture
4.5 MAX5
4.6 Scalability
4.7 Processor options
4.8 Memory
4.8.1 Memory DIMM options
4.8.2 x3690 X5 memory population order
4.8.3 MAX5 memory
4.8.4 Memory balance
4.8.5 Mixing DIMMs and the performance impact
4.8.6 Memory mirroring
4.8.7 Memory sparing
4.8.8 Performance impact using mirroring or sparing
4.9 Storage
4.9.1 2.5-inch SAS drive support
4.9.2 IBM eXFlash and SSD disk support
4.9.3 SAS and SSD controller summary
4.9.4 Battery backup placement
4.9.5 ServeRAID Expansion Adapter
4.9.6 Drive combinations
4.9.7 External SAS storage
4.9.8 Optical drives
4.10 PCIe slots
4.10.1 Riser 1
4.10.2 Riser 2
4.10.3 Emulex 10Gb Ethernet Adapter
4.10.4 I/O adapters
4.11 Standard features
4.11.1 Integrated management module
4.11.2 Ethernet subsystem
4.11.3 USB subsystem
4.11.4 Integrated Trusted Platform Module
4.11.5 Light path diagnostics
4.11.6 Cooling
4.12 Power supplies
4.12.1 x3690 X5 power subsystem
4.12.2 MAX5 power subsystem
4.13 Integrated virtualization
4.14 Supported operating systems
4.15 Rack mounting
Chapter 5. IBM BladeCenter HX5
5.1 Introduction
5.1.1 Comparison to the HS22 and HS22V
5.2 Target workloads
5.3 Chassis support
5.4 Models
5.5 System architecture
5.6 Speed Burst Card
5.7 IBM MAX5 for BladeCenter
5.8 Scalability
5.8.1 Single HX5 configuration
5.8.2 Double-wide HX5 configuration
5.8.3 HX5 with MAX5
5.9 Processors options
5.10 Memory
5.10.1 Memory options
5.10.2 DIMM population order
5.10.3 Memory balance
5.10.4 Memory mirroring
5.10.5 Memory sparing
5.11 Storage
5.11.1 Solid state drives (SSDs)
5.11.2 LSI configuration utility
5.11.3 Which SSD RAID configuration to choose
5.11.4 Connecting to external SAS storage devices
5.12 BladeCenter PCI Express Gen 2 Expansion Blade
5.13 I/O expansion cards
5.13.1 CIOv
5.13.2 CFFh
5.14 Standard on-board features
5.14.1 UEFI
5.14.2 Onboard network adapters
5.14.3 Integrated Management Module (IMM)
5.14.4 Video controller
5.14.5 Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
5.15 Integrated virtualization
5.16 Partitioning capabilities
5.17 Operating system support
Part 2. Implementing scalability
Chapter 6. IBM System x3850 X5 and x3950 X5

6.1 Before you apply power for the first time after shipping
6.1.1 Verify that the components are securely installed
6.1.2 Clear CMOS memory
6.1.3 Verify that the server will complete post before adding options
6.2 Processor considerations
6.2.1 Minimum processors required
6.2.2 Processor operating characteristics
6.2.3 Processors installation order
6.2.4 Processor installation tool
6.3 Local memory configuration
6.3.1 Testing the memory DIMMs
6.3.2 Memory fault tolerance
6.4 Attaching the MAX5 memory expansion unit
6.4.1 Before you attach the MAX5
6.4.2 Installing in a rack
6.4.3 MAX5 cables
6.4.4 Accessing the DIMMs in the MAX5
6.5 Forming a two-node x3850 X5 complex
6.5.1 Firmware requirements
6.5.2 Processor requirements
6.5.3 Memory requirements
6.5.4 Cabling the servers together
6.6 PCIe Adapters and riser card options
6.6.1 Generation 2 and Generation 1 PCIe adapters
6.6.2 PCIe adapters – slot selection
6.6.3 Cleaning up the boot sequence
6.7 Power supply considerations
6.8 Using the Integrated Management Module
6.8.1 IMM network access
6.8.2 Configuring the IMM network interface
6.8.3 IMM communications troubleshooting
6.8.4 IMM functions to help you perform problem determination
6.9 UEFI settings
6.9.1 Settings needed for 1-node, 2-node and MAX5 configuration
6.9.2 UEFI performance tuning
6.10 Installing an operating system
6.10.1 Installing without a local optical drive
6.10.2 Use of embedded VMware ESXi
6.10.3 Installing ESX 4.1 or ESXi 4.1 Installable onto x3850 X5
6.10.4 OS Installation Tips and instructions on the web
6.10.5 Downloads and fixes for x3850 X5 and MAX5
6.10.6 SAN storage reference & considerations
6.11 Failure detection and recovery
6.11.1 What happens when a node fails or the MAX5 fails
6.11.2 Reinserting the QPI wrap cards for extended outages
6.11.3 Tools to aid hardware troubleshooting for x3850 X5
6.11.4 Recovery process
Chapter 7. IBM System x3690 X5
7.1 Before you apply power for the first time after shipping
7.1.1 Verify that the components are securely installed
7.1.2 Clear CMOS memory
7.1.3 Verify that the server will complete POST before adding options
7.2 Processor considerations
7.2.1 Minimum processors required
7.2.2 Processor operating characteristics
7.3 Memory considerations
7.3.1 Local memory installation considerations
7.3.2 Testing the memory DIMMs
7.3.3 Memory fault tolerance
7.4 MAX5 considerations
7.4.1 Before you attach the MAX5
7.4.2 Installing in a rack
7.4.3 MAX5 cables
7.4.4 Accessing the DIMMs in the MAX5
7.5 PCIe adapters and riser card options
7.5.1 Generation 2 and Generation 1 PCIe adapters
7.5.2 PCIe adapters – slot selection
7.5.3 Cleaning up the boot sequence
7.6 Power supply considerations
7.7 Using the Integrated Management Module
7.7.1 IMM network access
7.7.2 Configuring the IMM network interface
7.7.3 IMM communications troubleshooting
7.7.4 IMM functions to help you perform problem determination
7.8 UEFI settings
7.8.1 Scaled system settings
7.8.2 Operating system specific settings
7.8.3 Power and performance system settings
7.8.4 Optimizing boot options
7.9 Operating system installation
7.9.1 Installation media
7.9.2 Integrated virtualization hypervisor
7.9.3 Windows Server 2008 R2
7.9.4 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11
7.9.5 VMware vSphere ESXi 4.1
7.9.6 VMware vSphere ESX 4.1
7.9.7 Downloads and fixes for the x3690 X5 and MAX5
7.9.8 SAN storage reference & considerations
7.10 Failure detection and recovery
7.10.1 System alert
7.10.2 System recovery
Chapter 8. IBM BladeCenter HX5
8.1 Before you apply power for the first time after shipping
8.1.1 Verifying that the components are securely installed
8.1.2 Clearing CMOS memory
8.1.3 Verify the server boots before adding options
8.2 Planning to scale: prerequisites
8.2.1 Processors supported and requirements to scale
8.2.2 Minimum memory requirement
8.2.3 Required firmware of each blade and the AMM
8.3 Recommendations
8.3.1 Power Jumper Cap
8.3.2 BladeCenter H considerations
8.4 Local storage considerations and array setup
8.4.1 Launching the LSI Setup Utility
8.4.2 Creating a RAID-1 mirror using LSI Setup Utility
8.4.3 Using ServerGuide to configure the LSI controller
8.4.4 Speed Burst Card reinstallation
8.5 UEFI settings
8.5.1 UEFI performance tuning
8.5.2 Start up parameters
8.5.3 HX5 single node UEFI settings
8.5.4 HX5 multi-node UEFI settings
8.5.5 HX5 with MAX5 attached
8.5.6 Operating system specific settings in UEFI
8.6 Creating an HX5 scalable complex
8.6.1 Troubleshooting HX5 problems
8.7 Operating system installation
8.7.1 Operating system install media
8.7.2 VMware ESXi on a USB key
8.7.3 Installing ESX 4.1 or ESXi 4.1 Installable onto HX5
8.7.4 Windows installation tips and settings
8.7.5 Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation tips and settings
8.7.6 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server installation tips and settings
8.7.7 Downloads and fixes for HX5 and MAX5
8.7.8 SAN Storage reference and considerations
8.8 Failure detection and recovery
8.8.1 Tools to aid hardware troubleshooting for HX5
8.8.2 Re-inserting the Speed Burst card for extended outages
8.8.3 Effects of power loss on HX5 2-node or MAX5 configurations
Chapter 9. Management
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Integrated Management Module (IMM)
9.2.1 IMM out-of-band configuration
9.2.2 IMM in-band configuration
9.2.3 Updating firmware using the IMM
9.3 Advanced Management Module (AMM)
9.3.1 Accessing the Advanced Management Module
9.3.2 Service Advisor
9.3.3 Updating firmware using the AMM
9.4 Remote Control
9.4.1 Accessing the Remote Control feature on the x3690 X5 and the x3850 X5
9.4.2 Accessing the Remote Control feature for the HX5
9.5 IBM Systems Director 6.2
9.5.1 Discovering the IMM of a single-node x3690 X5 or x3850 X5 out-of-band via IBM
Systems Director
9.5.2 Discovering a two-node x3850 X5 via IBM Systems Director 6.2.x
9.5.3 Discovering a single-node HX5 via IBM Systems Director
9.5.4 Discovering a two-node HX5 via IBM Systems Director 6.2.x
9.5.5 Service and Support Manager
9.5.6 Performing tasks against a two-node system
9.6 IBM Electronic Services
9.7 Advanced Settings Utility (ASU)
9.7.1 Using ASU to configure settings in IMM-based servers
9.7.2 Common problems
9.7.3 Command examples
9.8 IBM ServerGuide
9.9 IBM ServerGuide Scripting Toolkit
9.10 Firmware update tools and methods
9.10.1 Configuring UEFI
9.10.2 Requirements for updating scalable systems
9.10.3 IBM System Director
9.11 UpdateXpress System Pack Installer
9.12 Bootable Media Creator
9.13 MegaRAID Storage Manager
9.13.1 Installation
9.13.2 Drive states
9.13.3 Virtual drive states
9.13.4 MegaCLI utility for storage management
9.14 Serial over LAN
9.14.1 Enabling SoL in UEFI
9.14.2 BladeCenter requirements
9.14.3 Enabling SoL in the operating system
9.14.4 How to start a SoL connection

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