IBM Midrange System Storage Hardware Guide


Новый Redbook посвященный системам хранения данных производства IBM. Рассматриваются как новые, так и снятые с производства модели класса Midrange. Несмотря на статус Draft, Rebook содержит много полезной информации.

This IBM Redbooks publication consolidates, in one document, detailed descriptions of the hardware configurations and options offered as part of the IBM Midrange System Storage servers which include the DS4000 and the DS5000 family of products.

This edition covers updates and additional functions available with the IBM System Storage DS Storage Manager Version 10.60 (firmware level 7.60).This book presents the concepts and functions used in planning and managing the storage servers. Concepts such as multipathing and path failover are discussed. The book offers a step-by-step guide to using the Storage Manager to create arrays, logical drives, and other basic (as well as advanced) management tasks.

This publication also contains practical information about diagnostics and troubleshooting, and includes practical examples of how to use scripts and the command-line interface.

This publication is intended for customers, IBM Business Partners, and IBM technical professionals who want to learn more about the capabilities and advanced functions of the DS4000 series of storage servers with Storage Manager Software 10.60. It also targets those who have a DS4000 and DS5000 storage system and need detailed advice about how to configure it.

This Redbook is designed specifically to address the Hardware features and configuration of the IBM Midrange System Storage servers and can be used in conjunction with the other IBM Midrange System Storage Redbooks listed below:
IBM Midrange System Storage Implementation and Best Practices Guide, SG24-6363
IBM Midrange System Storage Copy Services Guide, SG24-7822

Chapter 1. Introduction to IBM Midrange System Storage Servers
Chapter 2. New Features
Chapter 3. IBM System Storage DS4000 and DS5000 hardware
Chapter 4. IBM System Storage DS Planning and Configuration
Chapter 5. Disk Security with Full Disk Encryption (FDE) Disks
Chapter 6. IBM Remote Support Manager (RSM) for Storage
Chapter 7. Advanced Maintenance, Troubleshooting and Diagnostics
Chapter 8. Command-line interface and Script Editor
Appendix A. Appendix Overview of DS5000 RAID Types
Appendix B. iSCSI Host Interface Controllers on DS5000
Appendix C. Solid State Disks on DS5000 

Chapter 1. Introduction to IBM Midrange System Storage Servers

1.1 Positioning the DS4000/DS5000 series
1.2 IBM Midrange storage server models
1.3 IBM Midrange Storage expansion enclosure
1.4 IBM System Storage DS Storage Manage software
1.5 IBM Midrange Storage hard disk drives
1.6 iSCSI basics
1.7 Fibre Channel direct/switch basics
Chapter 2. New Features
2.1 Full Disk Encryption Capable disk drive modules (DDM)
2.2 Solid State Drive (SSD) module
2.3 600 GB FC disk drive module
2.4 1 TB SATA enhanced disk drive module
2.5 IBM System Storage DS5020 disk system and EXP520
2.6 EXP5060 Expansion Enclosure
2.7 iSCSI host interface
2.8 8 Gbps FC host interface
2.9 16 port Host Port Upgrade for DS5100
2.10 64 GB Cache Upgrade for DS5100 and DS5300
2.11 Remote Support Manager Hardware Model – RS2
2.12 448 Drive support for DS5100 and DS5300
2.13 New Storage Manager Subsystem Management (SMW) design
2.14 IBM Storage Explorer
Chapter 3. IBM System Storage DS4000 and DS5000 hardware
3.1 IBM System Storage DS4700 Express
   3.1.1 DS4700 features
3.2 DS4700 Model comparison
3.3 DS4000 series expansion enclosures
   3.3.1 IBM Total Storage DS4000 EXP710 expansion enclosure
   3.3.2 IBM System Storage EXP810 Expansion Enclosure
   3.3.3 Intermixing EXP810 and EXP710
3.4 DS5100 and DS5300 Storage Subsystem
 3.4.1 DS5100 and DS5300 controller architecture
   3.4.2 DS5000 storage subsystem chassis design
   3.4.3 DS5000 storage subsystem front view
   3.4.4 Interconnect module and battery packs
   3.4.5 DS5000 storage subsystem rear view
   3.4.6 DS5000 storage subsystem LED indicator lights
   3.4.7 DS5000 storage subsystem host-side connections
   3.4.8 DS5000 storage subsystem drive-side connections
   3.4.9 DS5100 and DS5300 storage subsystem drive-side cabling
   3.4.10 DS5100 and DS5300 storage subsystem additional connections
3.5 DS5020 Storage Subsystem
   3.5.1 DS5020 Controller architecture
   3.5.2 DS5020 Components
   3.5.3 DS5020 Storage Subsystem front view
   3.5.4 DS5020 Storage Subsystem rear view
   3.5.5 DS5020 Storage Subsystem LED indicator lights
   3.5.6 DS5020 Storage Subsystem host-side connections
   3.5.7 DS5020 Storage Subsystem drive-side connections
   3.5.8 DS5020 Storage Subsystem drive-side cabling
   3.5.9 DS5020 Storage Subsystem additional connections
3.6 DS5000 series product comparison
   3.6.1 DS5020 Product comparison
   3.6.2 DS5300 product comparison
3.7 DS5000 series physical specifications
3.8 DS5000 supported operating systems
3.9 DS5000 storage system disk enclosures
   3.9.1 EXP5000 and EXP520 Storage Expansion Unit
Chapter 4. IBM System Storage DS Planning and Configuration
4.1 Planning your DS storage structure
   4.1.1 DS5000 arrays and RAID levels
   4.1.2 Logical drives and controller ownership
   4.1.3 Hot spare drive
4.1.4 Storage partitioning
   4.1.5 Segment size
   4.1.6 Cache parameters
   4.1.7 Security Planning – Full Disk Encryption
4.2 Planning for premium features
   4.2.1 Disk Encryption or FDE
   4.2.2 Storage Partitioning
   4.2.3 Drive Slot Limit
   4.2.4 FlashCopy
   4.2.5 VolumeCopy
   4.2.6 Enhanced Remote Mirroring (ERM)
   4.2.7 FC/SATA Intermix
4.3 Planning your Host Attachment method
   4.3.1 Fibre Channel – SAN or Direct attach
   4.3.2 Planning for iSCSI Attachment
4.4 Host support and multipathing
   4.4.1 Supported server platforms
   4.4.2 Supported operating systems
   4.4.3 Clustering Support
   4.4.4 Multipathing
   4.4.5 Microsoft Windows MPIO
   4.4.6 AIX MPIO
   4.4.7 AIX Subsystem Device Driver Path Control Module (SDDPCM)
   4.4.8 Linux: RHEL/SLES RDAC
   4.4.9 Virtualization
   4.4.10 Auto-Logical Drive Transfer feature (ADT)
4.5 Operating system restrictions
   4.5.1 Maximum file system size
   4.5.2 Maximum number of LUNs per host
4.6 Storage Manager Software
   4.6.1 Storage subsystem management methods
   4.6.2 Storage Manager client
4.6.3 Event Monitor service
   4.6.4 Storage Manager utilities
4.7 Installing IBM System Storage DS Storage Manager
   4.7.1 Installing Storage Manager in a Windows Server 2008 host
4.8 Preparing the DS5000 storage server
   4.8.1 Physical Installation
   4.8.2 Powering on the storage system
   4.8.3 Configuring IP addresses of the controllers
   4.8.4 Using and Configuring the DS Storage Manager client
   4.8.5 Updating the controller microcode
4.9 Step by Step Configuration
   4.9.1 Configuration Planing
   4.9.2 Enabling the Premium Features
   4.9.3 Automatic Configuration
   4.9.4 Manual Configuration
   4.9.5 Configuring storage partitioning
   4.9.6 Configuring mapped drives from Windows
   4.9.7 Monitoring and alerting
   4.9.8 Saving the configuration
4.10 Advanced functions
   4.10.1 Expanding arrays
   4.10.2 Defragment an array
   4.10.3 Changing RAID Array level
   4.10.4 Unconfiguring a storage subsystem and arrays
   4.10.5 Performing advanced functions on logical drives (LUNs)
   4.10.6 Cache parameters
   4.10.7 Media scan
   4.10.8 Failover alert delay
   4.10.9 Persistent reservations
   4.10.10 Automatic firmware synchronization
Chapter 5. Disk Security with Full Disk Encryption (FDE) Disks
5.1 The Need for Encryption
5.1.1 Encryption Method Used
5.2 Disk Security Components
   5.2.1 DS5000 Disk Encryption Manager
   5.2.2 Full Data Encryption (FDE) Disks
   5.2.3 Premium Feature Licence
   5.2.4 Keys
   5.2.5 Security Key Identifier
   5.2.6 Passwords
5.3 Setting up and Enabling Secure Disk
   5.3.1 FDE and Premium Feature Check
   5.3.2 Secure Key Creation
   5.3.3 Enable Disk Security on Array
5.4 Additional Secure Disk Functions
   5.4.1 Changing the Security Key
   5.4.2 Save Security Key File
   5.4.3 Secure Disk Erase
   5.4.4 FDE Drive Status
   5.4.5 Hot Spare Drive
5.5 Migrating Secure Disk Arrays
   5.5.1 Planning Checklist
   5.5.2 Export Array
5.6 Import Secure Drive Array
   5.6.1 Unlock Drives
   5.6.2 Import Array
Chapter 6. IBM Remote Support Manager (RSM) for Storage
6.1 IBM Remote Support Manager for Storage
   6.1.1 Hardware and software requirements
   6.1.2 DS-RSM Model RS2
   6.1.3 Installation Choices for RSM for Storage
   6.1.4 How RSM for Storage works
   6.1.5 Notification e-mail and events filtering
   6.1.6 Remote access methods
6.1.7 RSM management interface
   6.1.8 RSM security considerations
6.2 Installing and setting up RSM
   6.2.1 Installing the host OS
   6.2.2 Installing RSM
   6.2.3 Setting up RSM
   6.2.4 Configuring SNMP traps in Storage Manager
   6.2.5 Activating RSM
   6.2.6 Remote access security
   6.2.7 Managing alerts
Chapter 7. Advanced Maintenance, Troubleshooting and Diagnostics
7.1 Upgrades and maintenance
   7.1.1 Displaying installed firmware versions
   7.1.2 Obtaining updates
   7.1.3 Planning for upgrades
   7.1.4 Updating the DS5000 storage subsystem host software
   7.1.5 Updating controller firmware
   7.1.6 Controller Firmware Upgrade Tool
   7.1.7 DbFix tool
   7.1.8 Updating the ESM board firmware
   7.1.9 Updating hard disk drives firmware
   7.1.10 Updating host bus adapter (HBA) firmware
7.2 Handling premium features
   7.2.1 Listing premium features/feature enabler
   7.2.2 Enabling a premium feature
   7.2.3 Disabling a premium feature
7.3 Saving and loading the configuration
   7.3.1 Storage subsystem profile
7.4 Migrating arrays between DS Storage Subsystems
   7.4.1 Intermixing EXP810 and EXP5000 storage expansion enclosures
   7.4.2 Intermixing EXP520 and EXP810 storage expansion enclosures
   7.4.3 Migration prerequisites
7.4.4 Migrating an array
   7.4.5 Importing an array
7.5 Performing an upgrade from a DS4700 or DS4800 storage subsystem to a DS storage subsystem
   7.5.1 Planning the upgrade
   7.5.2 Preparing the new storage subsystem
   7.5.3 Preparing the original storage subsystem
   7.5.4 Upgrading the controller firmware
   7.5.5 Switching from the original to the new storage subsystem
   7.5.6 Preparing the new storage subsystem for use
7.6 Securing the DS5000 storage subsystem client using remote management
7.7 Preventative maintenance and data collection
   7.7.1 Storage Manager Enterprise Management window (EMW)
   7.7.2 Storage Manager Subsystem Management window (SMW)
   7.7.3 Storage Subsystem Profile
   7.7.4 Recovery guru
   7.7.5 Major Event Log
   7.7.6 Collect all Support Data
   7.7.7 Media Scan
   7.7.8 Pre-read redundancy check
7.8 Problem Determination
   7.8.1 Diagnosing drive-side problems
   7.8.2 Diagnosing host-side problems
   7.8.3 Storage Manager communication problems
7.9 Replacement and maintenance procedures
   7.9.1 Managing disk failures
   7.9.2 Managing disks with impending drive failure (PFA) error
   7.9.3 Monitoring solid state disks (SSD)
   7.9.4 Managing battery issues
7.10 Replacing adapters (HBA) and Storage controllers
7.11 HBAs and Operating system tools
   7.11.1 Brocade HBA and Brocade Host Configuration Manager (HCM)
 7.11.2 Emulex HBA tools
   7.11.3 Qlogic HBAs and SANsurfer (Windows/Linux)
   7.11.4 Windows Server 2008
   7.11.5 Linux
   7.11.6 AIX
Chapter 8. Command-line interface and Script Editor
8.1 Command-line interface (CLI)
   8.1.1 Using CLI commands
   8.1.2 CLI parameters
   8.1.3 Syntax requirements
   8.1.4 Error reporting
   8.1.5 Commands overview
   8.1.6 CLI examples
8.2 Script Editor
   8.2.1 Using the Script Editor
   8.2.2 Embedding commands in batch files
Appendix A. Appendix Overview of DS5000 RAID Types
DS5000 arrays and RAID levels
RAID levels
   RAID 0: For performance, but generally not recommended
   RAID 1: For availability/good read response time
   RAID 3: Sequential access to large files
  RAID 5: High availability and fewer writes than reads
   RAID 6: high availability with additional fault tolerance
   RAID 10: Higher performance than RAID 1
RAID Summary
RAID reliability considerations
Appendix B. iSCSI Host Interface Controllers on DS5000
iSCSI Technology
   iSCSI Qualified Name (IQN)
   iSCSI Physical Components
   Network Considerations
DS5000 iSCSI Configurations
   Jumbo Frames
   Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs)
   Ethernet Priority
Security
   Internet Storage Name Service (iSNS)
   Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)
iSCSI Performance Considerations
   Multipathing iSCSI
   Other iSCSI Performance Considerations
Appendix C. Solid State Disks on DS5000
SSD Technology
Solid State Drives in Tiered Storage
   Implementing Tiered Storage
Solid State Disks on DS5000
   Indentifying SSD in Storage Manager
   Wear Life
SSD Performance on DS5000
   Requirement for High Performance Disks
   Initial Lab Tests of SSD on DS5000
   SDD Summary

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